A solution is a mixture of two or more substances, where one
substance is completely dissolved in the other.
Solute is the material that
gets dissolved. (i.e. - The Kool-Aid powder is the solute when you make
is the material that dissolves the solute. (i.e. - The water is the solute when
you make Kool-Aid.)
particles in a solution are evenly spread out in the solvent - so solutions are
always clear (except for solid solutions, like bronze).
Dissolving is when the solute particles spread evenly
throughout the solvent.
Solutions are made up of two or more substances - but they appear to be only
One way to test
whether a mixture is a solution is by shining a beam of light through it. If
you can't see the beam of light, then you have a true solution. If the
particles in the solution cause the beam to be visible, then you do not have a
true solution. This is called the Tyndall
Concentration has to do with the amount
of solute in a certain amount of solvent. More solute raises the concnetration
and makes the solution concentrated. Less solute lowers the
concentration and makes the solution dilute. You can also
dilute a solution by adding more solvent.
For your learning pleasure, the States of Matter Song can be found here.