Word Parts

Science has its own language.  If you know some of the parts of words, you can decode larger words - even if you've never seen them before.  This is only a partial list of prefixes, suffixes and root words that you may come across in Science this year.

a-, ab-  means no or  not
amphi-  means both
ante-  means before
anti-  means against
arche-  means ancient
arthro-  means joint
auto-  means self or same
bi- means two
bio means life
chloro-  means green
chromo-  means color
-cide  means kill
circ-  means around
co-, con-  means with, together
cyto-  means cell
de-  means remove
derm  means skin
di-  means two
eco means nature or environment
ecto-  means outer, outside
-ectomy  means removal
endo-  means inner, inside
epi-  means upon, over
ex-, exo-  means outside of
geo-  means Earth
hemi-  means half
hetero-  means different
homeo-  means the same
hydro-  means water
hyper-  means above, over
hypo-  means below, under
inter-  means between, among
intra-  means within
iso-  means equal
-itis  means inflammation (swelling)
lith  means rock
lyse  means to break
macro-  means large
mal-  means bad
mega-  means large
micro-  means small
mono-  means one
morph-  means form, shape
multi-  means many
neo-  means new
nephr-  means kidney
neur-  means nerve
-ology means the study of 
omni  means all
-ose  means sugar
para-  means near, on
peri-  means around
-philic, -phile  means loving
-phobic  means fearing or hating
photo  means light
phyto-, -phyte  means plant
pod  means foot
poly-  means many
post-  means after
pre-  means before
semi-  means partially
sub-  means under
super-, supra-  means above
trans-  means across
uni-  means one
-vore  means one who eats

A pdf file of these word parts has been attached below.
Jonathan Reed,
Apr 8, 2013, 10:08 AM